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Re: ENSO Alert System Status: El Niño Watch

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avatar ENSO Alert System Status: El Niño Watch
January 08, 2015 01:52PM
Synopsis: There is an approximately 50-60% chance of El Niño conditions during the next two months, with ENSO-neutral favored thereafter.

During December 2014, positive sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies decreased across the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (Fig. 1). At the end of the month, the weekly Niño indices ranged from +0.8oC in the Niño-4 region, to +0.5oC in the Niño-3.4 region, to 0.0oC in the Niño-1+2 region (Fig. 2). The positive subsurface heat content anomalies (averaged between 180o-100oW) also decreased during December (Fig. 3) in response to an upwelling equatorial oceanic Kelvin wave (Fig. 4). Although the surface and sub-surface temperature anomalies were consistent with El Niño, the overall atmospheric circulation continued to show only limited coupling with the anomalously warm water. The equatorial low-level winds were largely near average during the month, while upper-level easterly anomalies continued in the central and eastern tropical Pacific. The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) remained slightly negative, but the Equatorial SOI remained near zero. Also, rainfall remained below-average near the Date Line and was above-average over Indonesia (Fig. 5). Overall, the combined atmospheric and oceanic state remains ENSO-neutral.

Similar to last month, most models predict the SST anomalies to remain at weak El Niño levels (3-month values of the Niño-3.4 index between 0.5oC and 0.9oC) during December-February 2014-15, and lasting into the Northern Hemisphere spring 2015 (Fig. 6). If El Niño were to emerge, the forecaster consensus favors a weak event that ends in early Northern Hemisphere spring. In summary, there is an approximately 50-60% chance of El Niño conditions during the next two months, with ENSO-neutral favored thereafter (click CPC/IRI consensus forecast for the chance of each outcome).






Re: ENSO Alert System Status: El Niño Watch
January 12, 2015 09:08AM
I'm uneducated on this. Does this mean a good chance of snow in the sierra or a lesser chance ?
Re: ENSO Alert System Status: El Niño Watch
January 12, 2015 12:51PM
Quote
The Other Tom
I'm uneducated on this. Does this mean a good chance of snow in the sierra or a lesser chance ?

I think it implies a better chance of rain/snow going forward. We could really use it as it looks like we are going to have another dry winter. confused smiley
Re: ENSO Alert System Status: El Niño Watch
January 12, 2015 02:52PM
Thanks. I want to go to yosemite this summer and would prefer a wet winter.
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